Saturday, 13 February 2021


The theme for this month is -  Decimalisation

 

15 February is the fiftieth anniversary of Decimal Day in Britain when the new currency system was formally introduced. The great British public preferred counting from one to twelve rather stopping at ten. The number twelve divided by two or four.

The process of introducing the new coins had started some years before. It led to nostalgia about the loss of well-loved coins such as the penny, florin and halfcrown, along with nicknames and years of history. There was always a feeling amongst certain generation that coins had a value that modern coins do not. This included getting sixpence or threepence pocket money, handling bright shiny pennies or been given a halfcrown by a well off uncle. If you had a florin in pocket you had a lot of money. The modern new pence did not look much and there only multiples of pence not shillings.

Decimalisation itself brought inflation and this led to the reduction in size of coins and further disappearance of favourites. “New pee” did not sound right and many people thought the designs were bland.

 

Many coin collectors bewailed the loss of history but there was a short lived “check your change” enthusiasm for rare dates on pre decimal coins. In the 1960s and 1970s it was possible to find coins from the reigns of George V and Edward VII and even from the reign of Victoria. The Royal Mint issued older coins into circulation.

Shops had posters with conversion charts and “ready reckoner” booklets were available to buy. These were sometimes ignored. I was once due three old pence change and given a new penny. Fortunately I got over it… eventually.

A substantial publicity campaign took place in the weeks before Decimal Day, including a song by the singer and entertainer, Max Bygraves called "Decimalisation". 


The BBC broadcast a series of five minute programmes, titled "Decimal Five", to which The Scaffold contributed some specially written tunes. 

Things did improve with introduction of innovative designs such as the twenty pence and the twelve sided pound coin, the shield design of Matthew Dent in 2008 and the wide range of commemorative 50p and two pound coins.

Timeline       

In 1824, Parliament rejected proposals to decimalise sterling, which were prompted by the introduction of the French franc three decades earlier.

Silver florin, first issued on 1849.

double florin introduced in 1887, was struck only between 1887 and 1890.

The Royal Commission on Decimal Coinage reported in 1920 that the only feasible scheme was to divide the pound into 1,000 mills (the pound and mill system, first proposed in 1824

In 1960, the Government to set up the Committee of the Inquiry on Decimal Currency in 1961, which reported in 1963. 

Decimal Currency Act of May 1969.

In October 1969, the 50p coin was introduced.

The old halfpenny was withdrawn from circulation on 31 July 1969, and the half-crown followed on 31 December

Banks were closed from 3:30 pm on Wednesday 10 February 1971 to 10:00 am on Monday 15 February to enable all outstanding cheques and credits in the clearing system to be processed and customers' account balances to be converted from £sd to decimal. In many banks, the conversion was done manually, as few bank branches were then computerised. February had been chosen for Decimal Day because it was the quietest time of the year for the banks, shops and transport organisations.

On 31 August 1971, the 1d and 3d were officially withdrawn from circulation, ending the transition period to decimal currency.

The decimal halfpenny  which had been introduced in 1971, remained in circulation until 1984,

The 50p piece was reduced in size in 1997, following the reduction in size of the 5p in 1990 and the 10p in 1992 (the large versions of all the three have been demonetised). The 1p and 2p underwent a compositional change from bronze to plated steel in 1992. However, both coins remain valid back to 1971, the only circulating coins on Decimal Day that are still valid.

In 1982, the word "new" in "new penny" or "new pence" was removed from the inscriptions on coins, and was replaced by the number of pence in the denomination (for example, "ten pence" or "fifty pence"). This coincided with the introduction of a new 20p coin, which from the outset bore simply the legend "twenty pence". The £1 coin was introduced in 1983, and a £2 coin in 1997.

 

 

Sunday, 17 January 2021

 

Collecting tokens

Perhaps tokens will outlast coins. We live in an increasingly cashless society. I rarely use cash now as virtually all payments are contactless. It does not seem that long ago that shops would not take cheques for payments under a certain amount. In some places you had to get a cheque verified first before it would be accepted. Credit cards were for the rich and for large amounts.  The there was “your flexible friend”. I wonder what happened to him.

The idea of a token in the senses of a voucher that has a fixed value and can only be spent or used for one thing is still popular. This includes machine tokens, car park tokens and vouchers for food. One thing cash is used for is beggars although I have heard of then sometimes taking card payment. ( I am serious and I do not belittle people who are genuinely desperate). Perhaps tokens could be issued to give to people in need that could only be spent necessaries.

When I lived in the West Midlands the collectors I knew all collected local tokens. I could never see the attraction in pub and trade tokens. Looking back I think I get it. Tokens give an insight into life, usually on a local level. They are usually connected with need as cash is the prerogative of the wealthy.

Wednesday, 6 January 2021


 today marks the start of Epiphany when the visit of the magi is remembered 

Image © Dix Noonan Webb.

 

Lot 314  Date of Auction: 13th September 2017 - Sold for £220 

 

Coins and Historical Medals from the Collection formed by the late Revd. Charles Campbell DANZIGNew Year, 1635, a cast silver-gilt medal by S. Dadler, Jesus holding orb, surrounded by clouds, iesvs sein wort, etc, legend in two lines, revein reiner glavb, etc, the Three Wise Men bearing gifts attend Jesus, 54mm, 39.02g (Maue 107; Wiecek 97; Gumowski 24). Light graffiti in reverse field, otherwise good fine, very rare £200-300

 

 

Sebastian Dadler was born March 6, 1586 in Strasbourg  and died July 6, 1657 in Hamburg 

He was a native of Strasbourg; appointed goldsmith to the court of Augsburg. Worked at various times at Nuremburg, Hamburg and Dresden.

From 1634 Sebastian Dadler lived and worked in Gdansk/Danzig , which at that time belonged to the Kingdom of Poland. Here he married Margarethe Neumann for the second time in 1647.

 

Tuesday, 29 December 2020

 


A bronze as from Canusium depicting a laureate Janus with the prow of a ship on the reverse

CNG - http://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=127320

Unknown mint magistrate. 209-208 BC (or later). Æ As (22.84 g, 1h). Uncial standard. Canusium mint. Laureate head of bearded Janus; horizontal I (mark of value) above, CA below Prow of galley right; horizontal I (mark of value) above, CA to right. Crawford 100/1a (citing 6 specimens of all varieties in Paris); Sydenham 309a. VF, dark brown patina, earthen deposits, minor flan flaw on obverse. Rare.


Happy New Collecting Year when we get there. 


Janus is the god of beginnings, gates, transitions, time, duality, doorways, passages, frames, and endings. He is usually depicted as having two faces, since he looks to the future and to the past. The month of January is named for Janus

1 January was New Year day. On that day it was customary to exchange cheerful words of good wishes. For the same reason everybody devoted a short time to his usual business, exchanged dates, figs and honey as a token of well wishing and made gifts of coins called strenae.

Numa built the Ianus geminus , a passage ritually opened at times of war, and shut again when Roman arms rested.  In wartime the gates of the Janus were opened, and in its interior sacrifices and vaticinia were held, to forecast the outcome of military deeds. The doors were closed only during peacetime, an extremely rare event

Tuesday, 22 December 2020

 


                                             A very Happy Coin Collecting Christmas to everyone. 


I keep promising myself I will stop getting more places to store coins, however it does not work. My collection grows sideways and possibly not upwards. I am reusing an old album I was given in the 1980s because it is a cheap and easy way to house cheap and easy coins. These are the modern world coins, taken from circulation on trips, which have no value at all except they are interesting and perhaps one day will be old and probably no value then. 

They show how coins vary to show changes in fashion, politics and economics. the real value of a coin is that is shows a moment in time, and was used by ordinary people in their day to day lives. 

Happy collecting!






Saturday, 5 December 2020

 The theme of today's meeting was messengers and angels.

the first photograph is of an Oxford token issued for John Tey at the Angel pub in High Street and a rather nice Henry VII angel. 


The next is another gold coins. These were issued by Charles I and his son Charles II of Anjou who was king of Naples and Sicily. The ones issued by his son are much rarer. They both issued a saluto d’argento which are silver coins with similar designs. The word salute means greeting in Italian and refers to the Angel’s message to Mary which he begins by saying “Hail”.  The legend is AVE GRACIA PLENA DOMINUS TECUM which means Hail (you who are) full of grace, The Lord (is) with you.

The lily between them is both a symbol of purity and of the French royal house. The arms on the other side are those of the house of Anjou with the heraldic fleur de lys and the arms of the kingdom of Jerusalem. The engraver was Giovanni Fortino, 1266–1278



Lastly we have some medallions commemorating the French invasion of Wales in 1797.


Thanks to Charles Riley for first and last photos. 

Middle Photo: Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com


Monday, 23 November 2020

 Austria and Vienna 




The theme this month was the coins of Austria ranging from the euro and going back to kreuzers and hellers. An interesting subject which also includes the Austria Netherlands and Italy. 

First two pictures used  by king permission of http://www.charlesriley.co.uk/


the medallion is by a Nuremberg goldsmith and medallist Jacob Wolrab. 

 

The Battle of Vienna (German: Schlacht am Kahlen Berge or Kahlenberg (Battle of the Bald Mountain);  took place at Kahlenberg Mountain near Vienna on 12 September 1683 after the imperial city had been besieged by the Ottoman Empire for two months. The battle was fought by the Holy Roman Empire led by the Habsburg Monarchy and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, both under the command of King John III Sobieski, against the Ottomans and their vassal and tributary states.

The battle was won by the combined forces of the Holy Roman Empire and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, the latter represented only by the forces of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland (the march of the Lithuanian army was delayed, and they reached Vienna after it had been relieved).  Historians state the battle marked the turning point in the Ottoman–Habsburg wars, a 300-year struggle between the Holy Roman and Ottoman Empires. During the 16 years following the battle, the Austrian Habsburgs gradually recovered and dominated southern Hungary and Transylvania, which had been largely cleared of Ottoman forces. The battle is noted for including the largest known cavalry charge in history.

Several culinary legends are related to the Battle of Vienna.

One legend is that the croissant was invented in Vienna, either in 1683 or during the earlier siege in 1529, to celebrate the defeat of the Ottoman attack on the city, with the shape referring to the crescents on the Ottoman flags. This version of the origin of the croissant is supported by the fact that croissants in France are a variant of Viennoiserie, and by the French popular belief that Vienna-born Marie Antoinette introduced the pastry to France in 1770.

Another legend from Vienna has the first bagel as being a gift to King John III Sobieski to commemorate the King's victory over the Ottomans. It was fashioned in the form of a stirrup to commemorate the victorious charge by the Polish cavalry.

There is an often recited story that, after the battle, the residents of Vienna discovered many bags of coffee in the abandoned Ottoman encampment. The story goes on that, using this captured stock, Franciszek Jerzy Kulczycki opened the first coffeehouse in Vienna and one of his ideas was to serve coffee with milk, a practice that was unknown in the Islamic world. However, this story was first mentioned in 1783; the first coffeehouse in Vienna had been established by the Armenian Johannes Theodat in 1685. Another more likely story is that the captured stock of bitter coffee was mixed with sugar and steamed milk to produce a drink that was named Cappuccino (or kapuziner, in German) either in honour of the Capuchin Franciscan Marco d'Aviano who had inspired the Catholic forces to unity and defence or because the Capuchin priest had a role in inventing

 

Photographs

 Used by kind permission of

GORNY & MOSCH  Giessener Münzhandlung GmbH

 Text

Used by kind permission of https://coinsweekly.com/

Source – Wikipedia