Saturday, 15 June 2019

ONS peace treaties June 2019

The June meeting marked the end of the First World War a hundred years ago. 

Fighting ceased at the Armistice in November 1918 but the First World War did not officially end until the Treaty of Versailles was signed on 28 June 1919. The government decided there would be a national day of celebration on 19th July 1919.

South Africa Johannesburg 1914-1919 end of First World War medallion. 28th June 1919. South Africa 1939-1945 end of Second World War. South Africa Cape Town Peace restoration after Boer War
Canada 25 cents 2005 veterans
Italy unveiling of Unknown Warrior 1921. Aylesbury War Memorial  Russia 1914-15

Low Countries Peace or War jetton 1608
1608  Dutchman stg & facing, Jehovah in Hebrew above, sword and olive branch as offering/Bundle of arrows, S - C, FORTITVDO BELGICA.
France peace of Isle of Faisons 1659
The Meeting on the Isle of Pheasants on 7 June 1660 was part of the process ending the Franco-Spanish War (1635–59); the Spanish princess Maria Theresa of Spain entered France for her marriage to Louis XIV of France. Pheasant Island lies on the river Bidasoa that is still the border between France and Spain, and the tiny island remains joint territory to this day.
France capture of Besancon by France from Spain
The Siege of Besancon took place between 25 April to 22 May 1674 during the Franco-Dutch War, when French forces invaded Franche-ComtĂ©, then under Spanish rule. Under the 1678 Treaties of Nijmegen, the province was annexed by France and Besancon replaced Dole as the regional capital.
Low Countries Liberation of Valenciennes (1656)
The Battle of Valenciennes (16 July 1656) was fought between the Spanish troops commanded by Don Juan JosĂ© de Austria against the French troops during the Franco-Spanish War. It was the worst of only a few defeats that the French Marshal Vicente de Turenne suffered in his long career campaigning and is regarded as Spain's last great victory of the 17th century.
Spain Barcelona relieved 1706
The Siege of Barcelona took place between 3 and 27 April 1706 during the War of the Spanish Succession when a Franco-Spanish army laid siege to Barcelona in an attempt to recapture the city following its fall to an English-led Allied army the previous year. The siege was abandoned, following the appearance of a large English fleet.  Barcelona and the entire region of Catalonia remained in Allied hands until 1714.
Low Countries 1603 end of Siege of Ostend
The Siege of Ostend was a three-year siege of the city of Ostend during the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo–Spanish War. A Spanish force under Archduke Albrecht besieged the fortress being held initially by a Dutch force which was reinforced by English troops under Francis Vere who became the town's governor. This resulted in one of the longest and bloodiest sieges in world history: more than 100,000 people were killed, wounded or succumbed to disease during the siege.

Monday, 6 May 2019

A bit late for Easter but we are still in the Easter season. this is a German – Pesttaler. the item is not dated.  

One side has the Crucifixion of Christ scene and the other has an Old Testament image of people looking at a snake on a pole. Pesttaler is a new term to me but presumably means something to do with plague.

Katz 21., Slg. Brettauer 1484. AR 46 mm, 10,70 g.Old cast. Nearly extremely fine

Auction 345  5 July 2014 Schulman Auction

used by kind permission

Junk box find.

I bought this coin on Saturday for 50 pence. It is about the size of an old sixpence. I thought it was Korean at first because it was sat next to a Korean coin in the box. (No, not really scientific reasoning but you never know. 

It took quite a long time to track it down. It looks Oriental but I could not place it. 
It is in fact a 10 fen coin from the Reformed Government of China issued year 29 (1940)
by the Japanese controlled Hua Hsing Bank, Shanghai
The Reformed Government of the Republic of China was a Chinese puppet state created by Japan that existed from 1938 to 1940 during the Second Sino-Japanese War. The regime had little authority or popular support, nor did it receive international recognition even from Japan itself, lasting only two years before it was merged with the Provisional Government into the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China under Wang Jingwei. Due to the extensive powers of the Japanese advisors within the government and its own limited powers, the Reformed Government was not much more than an arm of the Japanese military administration.
The coin is neither rare nor expensive according to the catalogue but I have never seen one before. It comes from an interesting yet tragic period in history. I wonder why they are not scarcer. Not many people would have wanted to keep them and I expect they were rejected by Chinese and Japanese authorities. Perhaps it was kept by a foreigner in a handful of coins that he or she did not recognise. Not bad for 50 p!

Saturday, 20 April 2019

The theme is this month's meeting was Ancient Coins. Just about as wide a subject as possible. I choose some ancient coins from Palestine and surrounding areas.

Coins for Easter Eve:

Coin of Alexandria              Coin of Caesarea from time of Augustus

            First revolt                              Coin from Nabataea truck by King Aretas IV

Coin of Judea in name of Nero                 Coin of Judea in name of Domitian

            Coin of Caesarea in name of Britannicus (son of Claudius)    Coin of Ascalon in name of Domitian
Coin of Judea showing temple Aelia Capitolina                       Coin of Judea First Revolt
            Coin of Caesarea in name of Britannicus                                  Coin of Judea time of Herod the Great
Coin of Judea Alexander Jannaeus                                Coin of Judea Bar Kochba revolt

Aelia Capitolina was a Roman colony, built under the emperor Hadrian on the site of Jerusalem, which was in ruins following the siege of 70 AD.

The Bar Kokhba revolt was against the Roman Empire in 132-135 AD.

First Jewish Revolt coinage was issued by the Jews after the Zealots captured Jerusalem and the Jewish Temple from the Romans in 66 AD at the beginning of the First Jewish Revolt. 

Saturday, 6 April 2019

top row two from Georgia and one from Transnistria
second row Czech Republic and two Serbian coins
next row: two Armenian coins and then Croatia
finally two Ukrainian coins.

I put out a local request for people to send in unwanted coins in aid of a charity. here are some interesting coins mainly from eastern Europe. the coin from Transnistria interested me as I could not identify it at first. The hammer and sickle looks Soviet Russian but the 2005 date was post communist era. 
It is an unrecognised state that split off from Moldova after the dissolution of the USSR and mostly consists of a narrow strip of land between the river Dniester and the territory of Ukraine
After the dissolution of the USSR, tensions between Moldova and the breakaway Transnistrian territory escalated into a military conflict that started in March 1992 and was concluded by a ceasefire in July of the same year. As part of that agreement, a three-party (Russia, Moldova, Transnistria) Joint Control Commission supervises the security arrangements in the demilitarised zone, comprising twenty localities on both sides of the river. Although the ceasefire has held, the territory's political status remains unresolved: registration. It is the only country still using the hammer and sickle on its flag.

Coins from Armenia and Ukraine you do not see every day! Amazing what you can find. 

Saturday, 23 March 2019

A numismatic trip to Tallinn capital of Estonia. 

This is a photograph of the National Bank museum in Tallinn. Well worth a visit if you are in the area and free!  It has good displays about modern Estonian currency. 

Estonia has had many outside influences and has only been independent for a very short period in its history. It was fought over in the Northern Crusades in the Middle Ages. Danes and Germans conquered the area in 1227. From 1418 to 1562 the whole of Estonia formed part of the Livonian Confederation. Estonia became part of the Swedish Empire until 1710/1721, when Sweden ceded it to Russia as a result of the Great Northern War of 1700-1721.  In the aftermath of World War I (1914-1918) and the Russian revolutions of 1917, Estonians declared their independence in February 1918.
The Estonian War of Independence (1918-1920) involved battles with Bolshevist Russia to the east and against the Baltic German forces to the south. The Tartu Peace Treaty in 1920 marked the end of fighting and recognised Estonian independence in perpetuity. In 1940, in the wake of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of 1939, the Soviet Union occupied Estonia.  Nazi Germany occupied Estonia in 1941 and later in World War II the Soviet Union reoccupied it in 1944. Estonia regained independence in 1991 in the course of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and joined the European Union and NATO in 2004.
The kroon was the currency of Estonia for two periods in history: 1928–1940 and 1992–2011. Between 1 January and 14 January 2011, the kroon circulated together with the euro, after which the euro became the sole legal tender in Estonia. The kroon succeeded the mark in 1928 and was in use until the Soviet invasion in 1940 and Estonia's subsequent incorporation into the Soviet Union when it was replaced by the Soviet rouble. After Estonia regained its independence, the kroon was reintroduced in 1992.


Images of Oxford medallions courtesy of Charles. 

The theme of this month's meeting was medallions. there was an impressive showing from Charles. Others brought Irish and South African items.